Sleep disorders in children aged 2 to 16 years without neurodevelopmental disturbances




Arturo García-Galicia, Dirección de Educación e Investigación en Salud, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad, Hospital de Especialidades de Puebla, Centro Médico Nacional Gral. de Div. Manuel Ávila Camacho, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Puebla, México
Marco A. González-Martínez, Dirección de Educación e Investigación en Salud, Hospital de Especialidades de Puebla, Centro Médico Nacional General de División Manuel Ávila Camacho, IMSS, Puebla, México
Marco A. Ramírez-Salas, Órgano de Operación de Administración Desconcentrado Coahuila, Hospital Ramos Arizpe, IMSS, Ramos Arizpe, Coah., México
Alejandra Aréchiga-Santamaría, Servicio de Neuropsicología Infantil, Centro de Atención Integral Infantil GARE, Puebla de Zaragoza, Pue., México
Nancy R. Bertado-Ramírez, Dirección de Educación e Investigación en Salud, Hospital de Especialidades Gral. de Div. Manuel Ávila Camacho, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Puebla, México
Álvaro J. Montiel-Jarquín, Dirección de Educación e Investigación en Salud, Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad, Hospital de Especialidades de Puebla, Centro Médico Nacional Gral. de Div. Manuel Ávila Camacho, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Puebla, México
Gisela Alonso-Torres, Facultad de Medicina, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla, México
Jorge Loría-Castellanos, Coordinación de Proyectos Especiales en Salud, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Ciudad de México, México


Background: 10 to 40% of preschool and school children in Mexico present some sleep disorder. Objective: To describe sleep disorders in pediatric patients without detected neurodevelopmental disorders. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study, in patients aged 2 to 16 years without neurodevelopmental disorders, in the pediatric service of a second level faculty in Puebla, Mexico. The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire was applied to detect sleep disorders. Specific sleep disorders not included were detected by pediatrics. Descriptive statistics were used and χ2, p ≤ 0.05 was considered significant, in SPSS for IBM v.25. Results: 110 patients were recruited, 23.63% (26) presented some sleep disorder, 14.54% (16) were male and 9.09% (10) were school children from 6 to 12 years old. somnolences and respiratory disorders were found in 23.63% (26) each, hyperactivity data in 22.72% (20), physical disturbances in 14.54% (13); nightmares and night terrors in 57.69% (52), bruxism 53.84% (49), night awakenings 38.46% (35). 22.72% (25) presented 3 or more sleep disorders. Conclusion: The incidence of sleep disorders was 23.63%, higher in males, and in 6 to 12 years. Of these, all presented some sleep-respiratory disorders and somnolences. A 22.72% (25) presented 3 or more sleep disorders.



Keywords: Sleep disorders. Respiration disorders. Night terrors. Children. Bruxism.